Library & Data

Use our Library & Data section to view and download all of our ChinaFAQs fact sheets, graphics, and links to sources for climate and energy data.

Friday, April 9, 2010 - 13:20

Since 1999 I have directed the China Environment Forum (CEF) at the Woodrow Wilson Center, where we convene meetings, organize exchanges, and create publications that promote dialogue predominantly among U.S. and Chinese policymaker, business, NGO, and research communities on environmental and energy challenges in China. In our current project “Cooperative Competitors: Building New U.S.-China Energy and Climate Networks” we are tapping into CEF’s extensive network of energy experts to explore practical and mutually beneficial avenues for U.S.-China clean energy cooperation. We are also involved in a three-year USAID-supported project focused on environmental governance in China and another project in which we are convening water experts to examine water pollution challenges in Chinese lakes.

Recent News
Friday, April 9, 2010 - 13:12

Chairmen Shea and Reinsch and Members of the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, good morning and thank you for this opportunity to participate in today’s discussion regarding China’s green energy and environmental policies. My name is Angel Hsu, and I am a doctoral candidate researching Chinese environmental performance measurement, policy, and governance at Yale University. After having the opportunity to attend the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen this past December, I have been specifically asked to address China’s role in the Copenhagen climate negotiations and the implications of this experience for China’s partnerships with the United States and developing nations.

Recent News
Friday, April 9, 2010 - 13:07

Mr. Reinsch, Mr. Shea, and other distinguished members of the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission. Thank you very much for the invitation to join you this morning. It is an honor to be here.

My name is Stephen Hammer, and I am the Executive Director of the Energy Smart Cities Initiative, a project of the Shanghai, Beijing and Washington DC-based NGO known as JUCCCE – the Joint US-China Collaboration on Clean Energy. For the past three years, JUCCCE has been working to change the way China uses and supplies its energy.

Recent News
Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 11:07

Thank you for the opportunity to contribute to the deliberations of this Commission. My name is Deborah Seligsohn, and I am Senior Advisor to the China Climate and Energy Program at the World Resources Institute. The World Resources Institute is a non-profit, non-partisan environmental think tank that goes beyond research to provide practical solutions to the world’s most urgent environment and development challenges. We work in partnership with scientists, businesses, governments, and non-governmental organizations in more than seventy countries to provide information, tools and analysis to address problems like climate change, the degradation of ecosystems and their capacity to provide for human well-being.

Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 10:52

NRDC’s Environmental Law Project has been actively engaged in environmental transparency projects in China for nearly five years in an effort to improve the use of environmental information to strengthen implementation of China’s environmental laws and policies, and to enhance public involvement in environmental protection. This is just one component of a suite of projects in China to improve environmental governance and to help China achieve its environmental and energy goals.

Monday, March 1, 2010 - 18:13

China utilizes an array of complementary policy measures to spur domestic R&D and innovation in clean technology. These measures include:

  • designing a national-level S&T strategy prioritizing clean energy;
  • establishing direct funding programs to support clean energy R&D;
  • capitalizing on public-private synergies to bring together multi-sector expertise;
  • pursuing a “going-out” policy of global engagement on clean energy development; and
  • incentivizing the involvement of the private sector in clean tech innovation.
Monday, March 1, 2010 - 18:12

In November 2007, the MOST and National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) jointly launched the International Science and Technology Cooperation Program on New and Renewable Energy. The program’s goals are twofold: diversifying the sources of technology imports, and expediting technology transfer processes between China and other countries. The program has identified five priority technologies for international collaboration.

Monday, March 1, 2010 - 18:11

Complementing the 863 Program, which focuses on specific technologies, is the National Basic Research Program, also called the “973 Program.” Since its inception, core focuses of the 973 program have been energy, natural resources conservation, and environmental protection. From 1998 to 2008, the program supported 382 projects with a total funding level of 8.2 billion yuan ($1.3 billion), of which 28% went to energy, natural resources conservation and environmental protection.

Monday, March 1, 2010 - 18:09

Also known as the State High-Tech Development Plan, the 863 Program was created to stimulate the development of advanced technologies in a wide range of fields in order to render China independent of financial obligations for foreign technologies. The program has changing focuses and priorities, depending on the needs of national economic development. During the 11th Five Year Plan, the 863 program set up 10 focus areas, including energy technologies. Within the energy category there are four technology priorities: hydrogen and fuel cell, energy efficiency, clean coal and renewable energy. A total of 1.12 billion yuan ($172 million) has been invested in these priorities, with hydrogen and efficiency technologies receiving the majority of funding.

Monday, March 1, 2010 - 17:30

In the past five years government R&D appropriations have increased dramatically, from 70.3 billion yuan ($11 bil) in 2001 to 168.9 billion yuan ($26 bil) in 2006. As a result, the share of R&D in total government expenditure increased from 3.7% to 4.2% from 2001 - 2006 (MOST 2007). Among the various publicly-funded S&T programs, the 863 & 973 programs provide the most direct funding sources for clean technologies.