Library & Data

Use our Library & Data section to view and download all of our ChinaFAQs fact sheets, graphics, and links to sources for climate and energy data.

Monday, March 1, 2010 - 17:24

China’s policies to prioritize, fund and deploy clean technology R&D and innovation over the short and medium term stem from an ambition to emerge as a global power in science and technology through clean technology R&D and innovation.

Monday, February 22, 2010 - 15:52

See original Chinese text at:

(Unofficial, Informal Translation)

Distinguished guests, ladies, gentlemen, and Guanghua School professors and students, hello everyone!

I am very honored to participate in the famous Guanghua New Year Forum at Peking University. I was tasked by Professor Zhang Weiying to brief you about the Copenhagen Conference and the issues regarding low-carbon development. Climate change is a global issue, affecting the long-term development of each country, and requires strengthening international cooperation and adopting a fair and reasonable approach to solve. In 1990 the United Nations General Assembly established the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee. In 1994 the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change took effect. In 2005 the Kyoto Protocol took effect. In 2007 the Bali Road Map came into being, and last year the Copenhagen meeting took place. All these events witnessed the historical process of forming and coalescing international consensus on climate change issues. In the recently-concluded Copenhagen meeting, Premier Wen Jiabao comprehensively expounded China’s policies, measures, achievements and initiatives to address climate change issues. He reached out to leaders from relevant countries, and played a critical role in breaking the deadlocks of the negotiations.

Monday, February 1, 2010 - 12:11

A letter from Su Wei, Director-General of Department of Climate Change, National Development and Reform Commission of China to Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC Secretariat. The letter communicates China’s autonomous domestic mitigation actions in accordance with the Copenhagen Accord, negotiated under the UNFCCC.

Recent News
Wednesday, January 27, 2010 - 11:24

A December 2009 report on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Coal in the United States and China, published by the Brookings Institution’s John L. Thorton China Center, authored by ChinaFAQs expert Kelly Sims Gallagher, Associate Professor of Energy and Environmental Policy at The Fletcher School, Tufts University.

One of the most striking commonalities between China and the United States is that both countries are blessed with large coal reserves,and naturally, both rely heavily on coal for their primary energy supply. U.S. coal reserves are estimated at 243 billion tons (29% of world total), and Chinese at 115 billion tons (14% of world total). China’s reserves-to-production ratio, however,is much shorter than that of the United States with only 41 years of currently-estimated economically recoverable coal compared with 224 years in the United States at current production rates (BP Statistical Review 2009). As the most abundant fossil energy resource in both countries, it is virtually certain that both will continue to rely heavily on coal due to its relatively low cost and the energy security benefits related to not having to import substantial foreign supplies of primary energy. The utilization of coal will be increasingly limited by the climate change problem, however, unless advanced coal and carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies can be developed, demonstrated, and rendered cost-effective within the next 5-15 years.

Monday, January 25, 2010 - 15:45

The second meeting of Ministers of the four BASIC Group countries took place in New Delhi on January 24th 2010. Earlier, the Indian Prime Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh met with the four Ministers on the evening of January 23rd. The Ministers who participated in the meeting were H.E. Xie Zhenhua, Vice Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission from China, H.E. Carlos Minc, Minister for Environment from Brazil, H.E. Buyelwa Sonjica, Minister of Water and Environmental Affairs from South Africa and H.E. Jairam Ramesh, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Environment and Forests from India. The current G-77 Chair – Yemen – had also been invited but could not attend because of other commitments.

Recent News
Wednesday, January 13, 2010 - 12:32

The procedure for reporting data for energy intensity of GDP is depicted in the figure:

  • First, the provincial government submits a self-assessment report to the State Council and the NDRC by the end of March, based on data from the energy accounting system.
  • Second, the NDRC and other related departments, such as the National Bureau of Statistics and the State-Owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) verify and assess the implementation of energy conservation in the local government.
Wednesday, January 13, 2010 - 12:28

For residential buildings, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) established the “Energy consumption statistical reporting mechanism of residential buildings” in 2007 to provide a comprehensive picture of residential energy consumption. This mechanism has been implemented in 23 cities, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing and Harbin, and will be extended throughout the country.

Information in this reporting system is organized in three different accounting tables: a basic information table, an energy consumption table, and a centralized heating supply table. Provincial governments direct the collection of this data, and report these tables to the Provincial housing department, which submits the integrated tables to MOHURD. The figure illustrates how the reporting mechanism works.

Wednesday, January 13, 2010 - 12:21

Closing small thermal power plants is part of the national energy saving and pollution reduction eff ort to meet the national target of 20 percent reduction in energy intensity by 2010. Th is program, which operates in parallel with plans to build larger, more efficient plants, is offi cially called “The Program of Large Substituting for Small.” In order to promote the robust development of China’s power industry, NDRC has required the closure of small-scale thermal power units with high energy consumption and poor pollution control, and delegated this task to provincial governments and the power and grid companies.

There are similar programs in other industrial sectors. Some major substitution and closure programs to phase out inefficient equipment in key sectors are listed in the table.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 17:12

The energy accounting system in China covers three areas: energy production; energy circulation (transmission and distribution) among different provinces; and energy consumption. The system is intended to collect energy data from specific sectors as needed to calculate the energy intensity of GDP as accurately as possible. The figure demonstrates the primary data and end use sectors covered by this process.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 16:59

Several specific sectoral plans have been developed under the Five-Year Plan including the forestry sector. Quantitative targets are also identified in these sectoral plans. This table shows the energy intensities and targets for major industry sectors as specified in the energy development plan.