Library & Data

Use our Library & Data section to view and download all of our ChinaFAQs fact sheets, graphics, and links to sources for climate and energy data.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 15:50

National policy on energy conservation and climate change plays an important role in overall national strategy. The 11th Five-Year Plan sets 22 quantitative targets in four categories: economic growth, economic structure, environment and resources, and public services. These are quantifiable national development or economic growth metrics.

Tuesday, December 22, 2009 - 10:42

Key Points

  • China has embarked on a major effort to develop more reliable and “smarter” electric power grids by 2020.
  • A smarter grid will help China curb greenhouse gas emissions by reducing electricity losses during transmission, connecting more renewable power sources (such as wind), and improving end-user efficiency.
  • An emerging technology globally, smart grid technologies are an important area for U.S.-China cooperation.
Thursday, December 17, 2009 - 15:59

COPENHAGEN – There’s talk here today of a possible U.S.-China compromise over the transparency of developing countries’ emissions data.

Chinese and U.S. officials this afternoon homed in on what many are calling an obvious solution to a tortured problem: developing new guidelines through the reports that China and other countries already submit to the U.N. climate regime.

“I think the issue now is to work out the exact language,” said Ailun Yang, climate director for Greenpeace China. “I’m very confident that this can be resolved.”

The possible solution comes just hours after Sen.

Thursday, December 17, 2009 - 11:02

Key Points

  • Since 1981, China has planted more than 40 billion trees, doubling forest cover. China’s forests now cover 175 million hectares – an area the size of Alaska.
  • Currently China is pumping more than $80 billion into its forestry programs.
  • New targets aim for 26% forest cover by 2050, and 40 million new hectares (over 2005 levels) by 2020.
Fact Sheets, Forestry
Thursday, December 17, 2009 - 10:16

Key Points

  • China currently uses nuclear power plants to produce about 2% of its electricity, and 1% of its total energy.
  • By 2020, China wants to generate at least 5% of electricity with nuclear power.
  • China has 11 operating nuclear plants at three sites; the government plans to build 20 more plants by 2020.
  • By 2030, China’s nuclear power program is expected to become the world’s second largest, behind the United States.
  • Cooperation between the United States and China could be critical to efforts to develop a new generation of safe, reliable nuclear power plants that could help curb emissions of greenhouse gases.
Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:26

In 2008, China’s National Development and Reform Commission adopted a standard requiring all new coal-fired power plants to be state-of-the-art commercially available or better technology. As a result, today most of the world’s most efficient (supercritical and ultra-supercritical) coal-fired power plants are being built in China.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:23

Since nearly three quarters of China’s GHG emissions result from the combustion of fossil fuels for energy, new Chinese energy policies will have a profound impact on China’s contribution to global warming. While China has traditionally avoided policies that explicitly target GHG emissions, its energy and forestry programs have provided the framework for its National Climate Change Program.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:20

China’s energy mix is unusually tilted toward industrial uses, and thus improvements in the industrial sector have large overall impacts.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:04

Today, each Chinese citizen produces only one fifth the GHG emissions of an average American consumer, and China still has many unmet energy needs. Most Chinese have a much lower standard of living than the average American. Half the Chinese population has no access to winter heating, and most have limited access to motorized transportation. Therefore, the challenge for China in the short term is to reduce the rate of growth of its GHG emissions as it strives to meet the growing energy demands of its people.